### SBI PO 2016 Reasoning Preparation Plan Tips Tricks Guidelines

Hi Guys as the SBI PO 2016 Exam is approaching soon I found some interesting guidelines on 'How to Prepare High Level Reasoning in SBI PO' which are worth to share with you.
Since the new title 'high level Reasoning', mentioned in SBI POs written test, appears, intimidating the students find it difficult and feel it beyond their comprehension. The following lines are written in order to remove such apprehensions of the aspirants which otherwise mar the chances of scoring well.
Generally, at first sight, students feel it difficult to handle the area of Reasoning. The reason for this is that they will not be familiar with the subject earlier while pursuing their academics. But, with a little bit of guidance and well planned strategy, aspirants start liking the subject, and will realize that it is a good scoring section. This test tries to check the average intelligence of the candidate, but ofcourse, in a scientific way. If the students are able to follow a few guidelines, it becomes easier for them to deal with the subject skillfully and to excel in it. The domain of Reasoning for SBI POs' can be divided into two areas for our convenience.

Analytical Reasoning and Logical Reasoning:
Analytical Reasoning:
It includes areas like Alphabet Test, Blood Relationships, Coding - Decoding, Coded Inequalities, Decision Making, Directions, Input- Output, Mixed Series, Puzzle test Syllogisms, Data Sufficiency etc.
Logical Reasoning:
It comprises of Statement & Course of Action, Question & Arguments, Statement & Assumptions, Statement & Conclusions, Evaluating Inferences and Cause & Effect relationship.
It is always desirable and advisable to identify those areas which not only help in qualifying in the Prelims but also facilitate the aspirants to excel in the subject of Reasoning in Mains. Keeping this in view, the entire section of Reasoning can be broadly divided into three categories based on the level of difficulty and scoring pattern:

I. Topics of Higher weightage with Less Level of Difficulty:
These are the areas which the aspirant has to compulsorily focus first, as any question under these areas can be solved in and around 30 seconds, if the concept is clearly understood.
The topics listed above facilitate the aspirant to get maximum marks by spending minimum time (with little bit of practice). Generally, these areas are very much focused in the tests discussed above, and are easy to answer them.

II. Topics of Higher weightage Medium / Mid Level of difficulty:

Logical Reasoning:
This area plays a major role in deciding the best score in Reasoning as it carries a significant weightage of marks. The candidate can handle this well, provided he has good command over language.
Generally, the misconception among the students is that it is very difficult and no definite answer can be obtained. In fact, if we critically evaluate the pattern of previous papers it is very evident that around 50% of the questions are relatively easier to handle. So, the candidates are advised to go through all the areas in Logical Reasoning.

III.Topics of Higher weightage with Medium level to Higher Level of difficulty:

Puzzle Test:
It includes various models such as classification model, comparison model, blood relationship model, sequential model etc. Even seating arrangement is one of the models of puzzle test. But, due to its weightage in the test, it is mentioned separately.
The aspirants are advised to measure the level of difficulty of the given puzzle by glancing at it. Generally puzzles are too tempting to attempt . Hence, caution should be exercised.

Seating Arrangement:
The students get tempted to handle even this section But it is advised not to focus on this until other priority areas are completed as the level of difficulty of this may be at a higher level.

Generally, the following are the topics emphasized in the exam.
1. Syllogisms
2. Coding language
3. Coded inequalities
4. Puzzle test
5. Seating arrangement
6. Logical reasoning
7. Input-output

Conceptual understanding of the topics coupled with critical evaluation is required to answer the questions. Though the candidate is bound to focus on the areas suggested above, a proper planning is required on how to face the Reasoning part in the test .
As per the Mains test format, the time allotted for 45 questions of 'Reasoning and Computers' is 60 minutes. Assuming that 40 questions are given in Reasoning for which candidate can allot around 40 minutes; it is understood that on an average one minute is available for each question to be solved. So, the aspirant should be very alert in understanding the question and quick in answering it correctly.
As such, the aspirants should have a perfect game plan to succeed in the given tight time limit. They should be able to focus on the key areas (the areas that can be easily, quickly and correctly answered) first.
Following are those which the aspirants should attempt first as they can be answered with fast and with ease.

Syllogisms:
It is literally deducing the conclusions from the given statements. The students are advised to note the recent ways the questions are asked. Previously, the questions were asked to find out the definite conclusions. But, now the students are asked to find out the valid possibilities as well.

For example:
Statements
All books are journals.
All diaries are journals.
All magazines are journals.
Conclusions
1. Some diaries being books is a possibility.
2. All magazines are diaries is not a possibility.
Answer: Only 1 follows while the second conclusion is not valid because 'all magazines can be diaries'.
The candidates are advised to master syllogisms with the help of representing in the form of venn diagrams.

Coding - Decoding:
The common model expected in the test is given below. A couple of statements are coded in some code language. The aspirant is supposed to decipher the code.
For example take a question like below
Study the following information carefully and answer the given question In a certain code language,
1. 'cricket is interesting game' is written as 'la nikichu',
2. 'cricket team have eleven players' is written as 'tic ra la dha da',
3. 'team India play fair game' is written as 'su tic vayichu', and
4. 'India eleven is powerful' is written as 'jukisu da'.

Example Que: Which of the following may be the code for 'this game have eleven players'?
2) dharayichu zo
3) pit chu da dhar
4) rasinicdhachu
5) None of these
From statement I and III, game = chu
From statement I and II, cricket =la
From statement II and III, team =tic
So, from St. II 'have eleven players' stands for 'radha da'
Based on this, option is '3' as other options can be easily eliminated.

Coded Inequalities:
In this topic, a relationship between different elements is shown in the statement(s). The statement(s) is/are followed by two or three conclusions.
The questions are intended to test how best the candidate can logically relate different elements.
For Example,
Statements: I≥N≥T, E<R=T
Conclusions: I. R<I, II. I=T

At first sight, it is believed that both the conclusions are not valid. But, logical relationship is required to prove that 'Either I or II follows' as 'I≥N≥ T=R' With regard to the questioning pattern, questions can be categorized into three kinds.
1. Direct Questions
2. Teasing Questions
3. Complicated Questions

Let us analyze this with the help of sample questions.
Direct Questioning Pattern
Example: In a certain code, TWICE is written as 34\$5& and WEARS is written as 4&29%. How is SEAT written in that code?
It's a simple and direct question that can be answered in ten seconds.

Teasing Questioning Pattern
Example: In a row of boys, all facing North direction, Ram is 16th from the left end and Sam is 18th from the right end. If there are two boys between Ram and Sam, find out how many are there in a row?
a) 34
b) 36
c) 30
d) either b or c
e) None of these
Without much thought the students will be tempted to opt for the option 'b' that indicates 36. But it may be noted that the answer can also be 30. So the correct option is 'd'. So the students should be careful while attempting such questions as they entice the students to commit mistakes.

Complicated Questioning Pattern:
Example: Among six people P, Q, R, S, T and V, each lives on a different floor of a six storey building having six floors numbered one to six ( the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it is numbered 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6). Who lives on the topmost floor?
(I) There is only one floor between the floors on which R and Q live. P lives on an even numbered floor.
(II) T does not live on an even numbered floor. Q lives on an even numbered floor. Q does not live on the topmost floor.
(III) S lives on an odd numbered floor. There are two floors between the floors on which S and P live. T lives on a floor immediately above R's floor.
Answer: Both (II) and (III) statements are required to answer the question. But in order to solve this Data Sufficiency question, it takes around 3 - 4 minutes. So it may not be advisable attempting this kind of questions unless we have sufficient time to answer them.