Syllogisms Possibility Tricks with Examples:Hi friends Syllogisms is one of the easy to win questions in reasoning, but we have seen so many aspirants are finding difficult in solving these questions. Usually Venn diagram method (Easy) is used to solve these but they will consume time in case of NO/Possibility conclusion cases. So here we are explaining the concept of Syllogism with some examples by using some simple rules.
First and foremost have a quick glance at the Main rules to solve Syllogism Problems…
- All+Some=No Conclusion
- Some+No= Some Not
- Some+Some= No Conclusion
- No +All = Some Not (Reversed)
- No+Some=Some Not (Reversed)
- No+No=No Conclusion
- Some Not /Some Not Reversed +Anything = No Conclusion
If the conclusion is in “Possibility” case then these rules must be applied.
- If All A are B then we can say - Some B are Not A is a Possibility
- If Some B are Not A then we can say - All A are B is a Possibility
- If Some A are B then we can say - All A are B is a Possibility All B are A is a Possibility
- All <=> Some Not Reversed
- Some => All
- NO Conclusion = Any Possibility is true
- All => Some that means if All A are B then Some B are A is true.
- Some <=> Some that means if Some A are B then Some B are A is true.
- No <=> No that means if No A is B then NO B is A is true
How to use these Syllogism Rules to solve questions?Inorder to solve Syllogism there are two types:
- Cross Cancellation
- Vertical Cancellation
- All Cows are Parrots
- All Parrots are Birds
- No Bird is Monkey
- No Parrot is Monkey
- Some Cows being Monkey is Possibility
Here is explanation
Lets take 1st conclusion, we have to make relation between Parrot and Monkey so we will take statements 2 and 3.
In second statement we have Cow and Monkey so we will need to make relation between them. For this we need to take all 3 statements.
I think we are clear with above explanation now see about Vertical Cancellation
- Some Mails are Messages
- All Updates are Messages
- All Mails Being Update is a Possibility
- No Update is Mail
Lets take Conclusion “All Mails Being Update is a Possibility” that means we have to make relation between Mails and Updates
This is called Vertical cancellation. In this case direction of adding first phrase will be reversed i.e In
Above example the conclusion will be All+Some = No Conclusion.
IF we get No Conclusion in case of Possibility then according to Rules in Possibility case will be definitely true. So Conclusion 1 follows and Conclusion 2nd Don’t.
So far we have seen how to deal with All, Some, Some Not and No now let us see about Some Not in reversed condition.
What is Some Not (Reversed)?
To explain this let’s take a Simple example
- No A is B
- All B is C
So the conclusion you get for this will be as follows
(No+All) A is C = (Some Not Reversed) A is C
Some C are Not A.
Finally my advice is...
Use this only if there are No or Possibility conclusions by following the above rules else you can happily use Venn Diagram method (If you find this method useful though). Don't get more confused for easy topics by doing unnecessary faults.
Lastly feel free to ask us if you have any doubts....
Hi guys recently I have found one rule and some terms that are asking in tests these days which I intend to share with you guys...
"No" statement can be converted into two types
1. Some Not
2. No (interchanging Subject and Predicate)
Let me explain this with an Example
Suppose statement is given as No Professor is Student then this statement can be valid to take as
1. Some Professor are not Student
2. No Student is Professor
Another update is now a days in exams they are mentioning None, Only, Almost etc instead of All, Some in both statements and conclusions so I'm listing the terms here.
All => Every, Each, Any, None, Not a single, Only
Remaining will be treated as follows
Some, Many, a few, Quite a few, Not many, Very little, Most of, Almost, Generally, Often, Frequently, Atleast
Note: As far as I know these terms are very rare for Bank Exams.
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